Pulmonary Conditions

Pulmonary Conditions

To learn more about conditions of the lungs such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis, and lung cancer, click on a condition icon below.


An allergy is a hypersensitive reaction of the immune system caused by a specific trigger.


Asthma is a respiratory condition that inflames and narrows airways, causing wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing.


Bronchiectasis occurs when an infection or other condition damages the airways, causing them to become scarred and unable to clear mucus.

Chronic Bronchitis

Bronchitis is an inflammation of the airways known as the bronchial tubes, which carry air to and from the lungs.

Chronic Cough

A persistent cough is not a disease, but may be a symptom of another condition.


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) includes chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or other diseases of the lungs that get worse over time.

Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease that affects the lungs and digestive system.


If dyspnea, or shortness of breath, happens without strenuous activity, it may indicate other problems, especially in the heart or lungs.


Emphysema is a progressive, long-term lung disease that occurs when lung tissue is damaged or destroyed.

Lung Cancer

Primary lung cancer begins in one or both lungs, while secondary lung cancer starts elsewhere in the body but spreads to the lungs.


Pneumonia is a serious infection of one or both lungs, typically caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites.

Pulmonary Edema

Pulmonary Edema is an abnormal accumulation of watery fluid in the lung’s air sacs.

Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary Hypertension occurs when the arteries narrow, causing blood pressure to rise far above normal levels.


Sarcoidosis is the growth of small collections of inflammatory cells in different body parts, especially the lungs, lymph nodes, eyes and skin.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea occurs when breathing spontaneously stops and starts or becomes very shallow during sleep.


Tuberculosis is a slow-growing infection, usually present in the lungs, caused by breathing in air contaminated by mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb).